There are many types and brands of residential and
commercial garage doors on the market using a variety of styles counterbalance
All the different spring
systems are designed to assist with balancing the doors weight allowing the average
person to easily lift even the heaviest of garage door manually. In the event
you have a garage door opener it takes some of the burden off the motor and
Electric garage door
openers are only designed to guide the door up and down not to actually lift
the doors weight.
Garage Door Torsion Springs
are by far and away the most popular style spring used by about 90% of all
manufacturers in one form or another.
These springs are mounted on a 1" shaft directly above the door in a
single or double spring configuration.
On most doors the spring will be centered in the middle of the door but
on rare occasions they are mounted directly to the cable drums or located near
the back of the door tracks for cases where your
door has a low clearance
situation.The torsion spring system provides a very calculate lift amount
measured by inch pounds per turn (IPPT) based on the weight of the door, door
height, door track configuration, cable drum size and cycle life.
Cycle life is the number of times you can
open and close your door before you would expect your spring to break.
Torsion springs can be bought with a
variety of different exterior coatings from your standard oil tempered,
galvanized, stainless steel or the most popular which is a rust inhibiting
Garage door torsion
springs can be very dangerous and should be handled with extreme care.
If you are looking to repair your garage
door torsion spring yourself they can be tricky to locate and typically will
require you to purchase them online.
You can expect to pay $20-$50 per spring based on its lifting capacity
and cycle life. Most online places that you can
buy garage door springs from also provide a good online source that will
guide you through the process on how to simply measure your garage door
Don't forget to order your
garage door spring winding bars when you
order your springs.
There is no
substitute for having the right tools.
The next most popular spring system is probably the garage door extension spring.The stretch spring lifting system has
been around for a very long time.
These springs are generally located just above the horizontal door
The spring gets its
lifting capacity from being pulled or stretched as the garage door closes.
Most garage doors use a single spring
system utilizing one spring on each side of the garage door track.
The springs will have a cable pulley
secured at one end of the spring and the other end will be anchored where the door
tracks are supported. A cable will run from the
doors bottom bracket
up to a cable located just above the door around
the pulley that is secured to the spring and back to the front track area. Garage
door stretch springs are rated by there lifting capacity usually using a
If you need to purchase
springs for a door weighing 160 lbs you would order 160lb springs. The pair
together would be capable of lifting the 160lb door.
If you are unsure of the doors weight simply get the
assistant of a strong neighbor lift the door slightly and slide a bathroom
scale under it.
style spring or spring components can be replaced relatively easily with the
door secured in the open position.
You can buy garage door extensions springsonline
and also on occasion find a small selection at a hardware store. You will pay
somewhere between $15-$29 per spring for most extension springs depending on
its lift capacity.
Lastly we cannot leave you without mentioning the newest
latest and greatest system to hit the market.
The Wayne Dalton Torquemaster Springis extremely safe and easy to install and repair with basic hand
The spring is actually
located inside the tube and tension added to the spring with a standard power
drill or wrench.
spring system uses all the same calculations and engineering that goes into a
torsion spring but is neatly slide inside a teardrop shaped tube out of the elements.
Generally these springs last
approximately 10,000 cycles or so and provide a very smooth quite
Dalton is the only garage door that comes with this system.
If you are looking for a DIY door to
install it's the door I would recommend for the safety reasons alone.
If you are looking to buy a replacement
Torquemaster garage door spring they are a
little hard to come by and can only be bought through a Wayne Dalton garage
door dealer or a online retailer. You can expect to pay between $50-$75 for one
spring or $90-$120 for a pair of springs.
Hopefully you gained some basic knowledge and understanding
of garage door counterbalance systems and can identify your lifting system. Remember
garage door repairs are dangerous and you always need to wear
safety glasses gloves and use the proper tools
when working on your garage door.
you do not feel comfortable performing the repair or are of unsure of the
procedures always call your local garage door technician.